Dissolve sugar, salt, and vinegar in 3.5 cups very warm water, put in the yeast and make sure it bubbles. Dump in all the flour. Stir just enough to mix. Let the dough rise until doubled - about 4 hours minimum. Punch down, divide into loaf pans and let it rise again - about 30 minutes. Preheat oven to 450 after you divide the dough into loaf pans. Add a cup of hot water to the oven to make steam, cook for 20 minutes, reduce heat to 350 and cook another 20 - 30 minutes.
Prep Time20 mins
Cook Time55 mins
- 3 1/2 cups warm/hot water
- 3 T sugar
- 1 - 1.5 T apple cider vinegar Optional. It gives the bread a sourdough flavor.
- 1 1/2 T yeast
- 1 T kosher salt
- 6 1/2 cups bread flour Or whatever you have on hand, all-purpose, whole wheat. Try replacing one cup flour with one cup quick cooking oats.
Put the warm/hot water in a very large bowl.
Dissolve the sugar, vinegar, and salt in the warm water.
Put the yeast in the bowl and wait for it to proof. Meaning, give it about 5 minutes to see if the yeast makes bubbles. That way you have "proof" the yeast is alive and the bread will rise. Even if something goes awry after the proof and your bread is flat, it will still taste quite good. No worries.
Dump in all the flour or flour and oats mixture.
Stir until just mixed - about 25 turns of the spoon. It's going to be sticky and wet.
Cover with a towel and leave it on the counter until it doubles in size. It will take at least 4 hours. I've left it there all day.
Prepare the baking vessel(s). If you are using loaf pans, use 2 standard 9 x 5-inch pans. If you are going to free-form a rustic loaf, grease the baking sheet. If you are making dinner rolls grease a 9 x 13.
Grease your hands, punch down the dough and divide into 2 halves, 2 rustic loaves, or the rolls. The dough is wet and gluey. Work quickly. If you wear disposable food service gloves grease them before punching down the dough.
Preheat the oven to 450 and let the dough rise again (about 30 minutes) while the oven heats.
Pour a cup of hot water into the oven to create steam and quickly put the bread in. Cook 20 -25 minutes at 450. Reduce the heat to 350 and cook another 20 -30 minutes. Cover the tops with foil near the end of cooking if they are getting too brown for your taste.
This recipe is adaptable. Add fresh herbs, sun-dried tomatoes, jalapenos, flax seed, Spanish olives - just about anything to it.
I use bread flour because I like the final product better. (Bread flour has more wheat protein = more gluten = chewier bread) I've certainly made this bread with all-purpose flour multiple times.
Trade out a cup or two of flour for a cup or two of quick cooking oats. (More fiber, less gluten.) Sometimes I speed the second rise by placing my loaf pans on a heating pad set on low. To make rolls, just pull off chunks of dough and line them up in a baking dish. For a special treat, brush the top of the rolls with herb butter while they are still warm.